This short synthesis presents the main findings of the EndoSci project, which analyzes one century of scientific literature dedicated to endometriosis.
In this article, I uncover the geographical aspects of endometriosis research. The scientific output is characterized by its polarization, with a few countries emerging as the true leaders of the global effort (i.e., Italy, Belgium…). Thematic priorities feature some patterns, but can also be relatively fragmented.
Endometriosis research is dominated by the biomedical sciences, in spite of a recent increase in disciplinary diversity. In this article, I review the key topics covered by endometriosis science, highlighting the long-term evolution of themes, the balance between pain and fertility, and the development of clinical trials.